1. Examine the impact of conflict on the psycho-social well-being of communities

Essay structure

Introduction (300)

Prolonged conflict as a ‘collective trauma’ (2200)

Scattered community (800)

Conclusion (200)


Key readings (these readings are just for conceptualising – use google scholar for specific reading about the subsections of each question)

  • Franko Aas, K. (2011) ‘Crimmigrant’ bodies and bona fide travellers: Surveillance, citizenship and global governance, Theoretical Criminology, 15(3) 331–346. Available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1362480610396643
  • Ahmed, S. (2014, 2nd edition) The Cultural Politics of Emotion, Edinburgh,
  • Edinburgh University Press.
  • Bar‐Tal, D., Halperin. E. and De Rivera, J. (2007) Collective emotions in
  • conflict situations: Societal implications, Journal of Social Issues 63(2): 441-
  • Doná, G. (2014) The psychological impact of working in post-conflict
  • environments: A reflexive account on intersectional traumatization,
  • Intervention: International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial Work and
  • Counselling in Areas of Armed Conflict, 12 (1): 91-94
  • Eyerman, R., Alexander, J.C. and Breese, E.B. (2015) Narrating Trauma: on
  • the Impact of Collective Suffering, London: Routledge
  • Freire, P. (1963) The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, London: Penguin Books
  • Pedersen, D. (2002) Political violence, ethnic conflict, and contemporary wars:
  • Broad implications for health and social well-being, Social Science and
  • Medicine, 55: 175-190.
  • Tammam, A. and Christensen, L. (2012) ‘Psycho-social recovery’ in B. Wisner,
  • C. Gaillard, and I. Kelman (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and
  • Disaster Risk Reduction (2012): 569-579. (Google scholar)
  • Müller, T, R. (2008) Bare life and the developmental state: implications of the militarisation of higher education in Eritrea, Journal of Modern African Studies, 46(1): 111–131. Available at: https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/72473257AF3BB9A6B07D5CD0746444C5/S0022278X07003096a.pdf/bare_life_and_the_developmental_state_implications_of_the_militarisation_of_higher_education_in_eritrea.pdf
  • Oksala, J. (2010). Violence and the Biopolitics of Modernity. Foucault Studies, (10), pp.23-43. Available at: file:///H:/PhD%20Readings/Violence%20and%20the%20Biopolitics%20of%20Modernity.pdf
  • Salter, M. B. (2008) When the exception becomes the rule: borders, sovereignty, and citizenship, Citizenship Studies, 12(4): 365-380: Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13621020802184234?needAccess=true


Available at: https://search.proquest.com/docview/228271571/fulltextPDF/945A7B7AE4DD414FPQ/1?accountid=14540

·        The collective body: Challenging western concepts of trauma and healing https://journals.co.za/content/track2/8/1/EJC111759