Analyze the internal, domestic efforts at thwarting cyber crime in your assigned country including information on how cases are built against perpetrators.

International Issues and Cyber Crime

As you have learned, cyber crime is an international issue the implications of which are only beginning to be realized. For this interactive assignment, you will be assigned a country to research and for which to create presentation. Your presentation will provide information about cyber crime in the assigned nation and the threat to the world at large this represents.

Five nations will be examined: Brazil, China, Germany, Russia, and the United Kingdom. See the list below to determine which country you will be assigned for your presentation.

Last names beginning with the letters I through M
Examine the country of Germany.

You will create a five minute maximum screencast presentation of a PowerPoint on your assigned country. For the screencast portion, you may use any screen casting platform you wish. (Quick-start guides for Screencast-O-Matic and Jing are provided for your convenience.)

Create your PowerPoint presentation including the following elements:

Explain the internal and external cyber crime activity for your assigned country.
Evaluate the international threat the actions occurring in the assigned country have on the world at large.
Analyze the internal, domestic efforts at thwarting cyber crime in your assigned country including information on how cases are built against perpetrators.
Be sure to include your list of references on the final slide of your presentation.

Explain which of these two types of defense is the most likely to prevail in the greatest number of cyber crime cases and provide a rationale for your choice. Evaluate ways in which future laws can limit defenses to cyber crime allegations.

Defenses to Cyber Crime Allegations

Prior to beginning work on this discussion read the Brenner, Carrier, & Henninger (2004), and Hernacki (2012) articles. Review the instructions and research a minimum of one additional scholarly source to support your work.

Traditional notions of due process, legal defense, and fairness apply to cyber crimes just as they apply to any other notion of more traditional criminal allegations. Throughout your readings this week you have learned that there are two fertile areas for a defense to a cyber crime allegation: factual and legal. A factual defense can easily be summed up by the inimitable legal scholar, Mr. Bart Simpson, of the long-running animated television series, The Simpsons. Bart routinely asserts the factual defenses to allegations of wrong doing as, “I didn’t do it; nobody saw me do it; there’s no way they can prove anything.” These are all valid and somewhat comprehensive definitions of a factual defense. A legal defense, on the other hand, deals with the government’s inability to overcome a defense based on the law in areas such as jurisdiction, vagueness of the law(s), double jeopardy, statutes of limitation, etc.

Include the following elements in your 400 word initial post:

Define and examine both factual and legal defenses to cyber crime allegations.
Your examination must include at least one scholarly source beyond this week’s required readings.
Explain which of these two types of defense is the most likely to prevail in the greatest number of cyber crime cases and provide a rationale for your choice.
Evaluate ways in which future laws can limit defenses to cyber crime allegations.

From the perspective of the constitutional principle of the rule of law, what is the problem with government ministers seeking to impose their interpretation of legal rules on individuals when the law underpinning their actions does not seem to provide for such an interpretation, strictly speaking?

law

The national effort to tackle the Coronavirus health emergency has resulted in UK ministers being granted some of the broadest legislative powers ever seen in peacetime. The Coronavirus Act 2020 and other Acts of Parliament have been used to greatly restrict the liberty of movement of people. At the same time, Ministers have issued guidance on how its legal rules restricting liberty should be applied. Sometimes this guidance has seemed to increase the level of restrictions beyond those actually set out in law. For example, under the first national lockdown in England and Wales, the law prohibited you leaving your home except for essential purposes. One of these essential purposes was daily exercise (The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) Regulations 2020, s6(2)(b)). Government initial guidance suggested that this meant one could only leave their home once a day for such exercise.
Bearing the above in mind, address the following question under the TWO TASKS BELOW:

‘From the perspective of the constitutional principle of the rule of law, what is the problem with government ministers seeking to impose their interpretation of legal rules on individuals when the law underpinning their actions does not seem to provide for such an interpretation, strictly speaking?’

In order to do this, you need to do the following:

Part 1 Unpacking the Question (up to 450 words):
Break down the question into its constituent parts, explaining exactly what you think the question is asking you to do.
Identify the constitutional concepts and key themes the question engages with.
Provide an outline or plan of how you think the question should be addressed if presenting it in an essay.

explain the difference between federal and unitary states with reference to the UK constitution. Analyze the development of the law governing devolution to some of the UK nations.

In light of the way devolution to the UK nations has developed since 1998, the UK can no longer sustain being a unitary state and should become a federal state.

Critically evaluate this statement in light of the legal development of national devolution within the UK.
The essay requires you to:
Concisely explain the difference between federal and unitary states with reference to the UK constitution.
Analyze the development of the law governing devolution to some of the UK nations (discussing at least two of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland)
Evaluate whether the UK would be able to be more effectively governed as a federal state, in light of your analysis
throughout the entire essay, develop a balanced argument that will either agree or disagree with the statement, addressing relevant counter-arguments.

Critically examine and evaluate how contracts safeguard the interest of the parties involved in construction and explain the mechanisms found in standard forms of contract.

Standard forms of contract

Critically examine and evaluate how contracts safeguard the interest of the parties involved in construction and explain the mechanisms found in standard forms of contract.

If you had a family dispute that involved complicated financial matters would arbitration, mediation or a hybrid be best for resolving the dispute? Why?

Family dispute

If you had a family dispute that involved complicated financial matters would arbitration, mediation or a hybrid be best for resolving the dispute? Why?

Name and describe two themes or assumptions that underlie the way people act?

Alternative Dispute Resolutions.

Name and describe two themes or assumptions that underlie the way people act?

 

Identify and analyze the remedies available to buyers under the UCC. Distinguish between application of UCC, the Convention of Contracts for International Sales of Goods (CISG) and common law to contract formation and enforcement.

Journal 4

Subtopics to discuss or highlight in the journals…
A. Apply UCC performance and remedy rules to sales problems

B. Distinguish between application of UCC, the Convention of Contracts for International Sales of Goods
(CISG) and common law to contract formation and enforcement.

C. Identify the performance obligations of sellers and buyers under the UCC.

D. Identify and analyze the remedies available to buyers under the UCC.

E. Apply UCC performance and remedy rules to sales problems

F. Distinguish between application of UCC, the Convention of Contracts for International Sales of Goods
(CISG) and common law to contract formation and enforcement.

G. Apply UCC performance and remedy rules to sales problems

H. Distinguish between application of UCC, the Convention of Contracts for International Sales of Goods
(CISG) and common law to contract formation and enforcement.

I. Define at will employment and the exceptions to this doctrine.

J. Identify various statutory obligations of employers to employees, including wages, health & safety,
retirement, and benefits.

K. Analyze various principles of employment discrimination under Title VII, ADEA & ADA, including
distinguishing between intentional and unintentional discrimination.

L. Apply various defenses to claims of employment discrimination available to employers under Title VII.

What are the causes of domestic violence on women? What are the effects of domestic violence on women? What are the intervention programs used to combat domestic violence?

Outline of Literature Review and Feedback from Professor

Research Questions
What are the causes of domestic violence on women?
What are the effects of domestic violence on women?
What are the intervention programs used to combat domestic violence?

Critically discuss the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on the raising of finance by SMEs in the UK, with reference to relevant sources of finance and the law applicable to those sources.

Corporate Finance Law

Critically discuss the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on the raising of finance by SMEs in the UK, with reference to relevant sources of finance and the law applicable to those sources.