1. Introduction: What is the purpose of this short paper? What is the title of the “primary source text of ethical teaching” that will be summarized? Who is the author? (Make sure it’s not an encyclopedia!)

2. Second paragraph: begin to develop the main task. Present the first required quotation (of your choosing) and discuss in your own words what you take the teaching to mean ethically. (Make sure you don’t refer to a dilemma!). Please be sure to introduce your quote, present the quote, and discuss the meaning of the quote. The direct quote should be embedded in a presentation that leads the reader toward the quote and helps the reader understand why it has been selected as a worthwhile ethical teaching. For all body paragraphs, a wholesome paragraph will be five sentences, and the quote will fall in the second or third sentence, not the first or last.

3. Third paragraph: continue to develop the main task. Present the second quote, etc. (Remember, every quote requires an in-text citation in parentheses, with location information when available, such as bk., ch., par., ver., p.)

4. Fourth paragraph: complete the main task. Present the third quote, etc.

5. Fifth paragraph: conclusion. Summarize your overall findings. Considered all together, what does the text teach us about ways to guide human purposes and actions? Your conclusion should be specific in reference to the actual teachings and key terms presented in the materials covered, with at least one teaching per paragraph briefly paraphrased. Beware of using vague or general terms instead of precise, actual terms used in the primary source text. Please remember, the purpose of the exercise is to listen carefully and fairly represent the teachings of a primary source text.